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Quiz answers -Breakdown by country where applicable

I am very impressed by your website. It would be useful to know the answers to the questions in the Quiz in the Factfulness Book for individual countries. I do appreciate that some questions apply to the entire world only. Is it possible to expand the website to include such breakdown by country and also across time?
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  • Hi Ranjit,

    Thanks for your suggestion! It would indeed be great to ask these questions about each individual country, and not just for the whole world. That would be very useful for dismantling misconceptions! 

    However, doing such localised surveys would require a lot more resources. Gapminder is a small non-profit foundation, so our resources, time and staff are a bit limited.

    The survey you see on the book was done last year with professional and reliable survey companies, who ask a representative sample of the population of those countries to answer those questions. To survey about individual countries, we would have to experiment with questions about that specific country with a small sample, refine them, find and check sources, and then do the surveys with a reliable partner. This is not impossible, we are indeed experimenting with that. But it's a long process. If you think you can help out, please let us know. If you want to run the questions in your country yourself, please go ahead as well. The questions and other material you see on the book are freely available under the Creative Commons CC by 4.0 License, so you can use them in any way you want, including adapting the questions to your country.

    Thanks and kind regards,

    Fernanda Drumond / Gapminder
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  • Thanks for your response Fernanda.
    I think you have misunderstood my request. I do not need to know the percentage of correct answers to the quiz questions by individual countries.
    Let me try to clarify my request. For example, question 1 relates to the percentage of girls in low-income countries that have completed primary school. The answer for all low-income countries combined is 60%. What would also be useful to know is how does this percentage vary from one low-income country to another. Presumably these statistics and the overall statistic of 60 % can be found in UN and other official statistical websites. I can find these stats too if I have the time and patience to do internet searches! What I am suggesting is that it would be more productive for an organisation/website such as Gapminder to do the internet research and expand your website to include breakdown by individual country or at least for a representative group of countries from each continent. Of course country breakdown does not apply to some of the questions eg Q2, Q11 and Q13. I hope I have clarified my request! Ranjit de Mel
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  • Hi Ranjit,

    Thanks for your clarification! Actually, that's what I understood from your first question. But I though you also wanted the answers from that specific country. I see now that you are only referring to the question. Cool.

    That would be nice indeed, although it would still require more resources to do the polling again, and to do the research. Thanks for the suggestion, we'll check out its feasibility here. We normally focus in giving an overall view about the world, instead of comparing specific countries. And we're right now researching and experimenting with new questions :)

    Thanks,
    Fernanda
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  • Thanks for your reply Fernanda.

    I think may be you still misunderstand what I am suggesting. There is no polling required. All that is required is to look up on an official statistics website such as the UN what the statistic is for a particular country. For example, what percentage of girls complete primary school in India or Colombia etc. This does not require any polling or sample surveys.

    Also, your website does provide comparisons of countries by income (GDP) and life expectancy. I refer to your bubble charts. I really like these and they also enable us to see how these charts differ over time. For example it is fascinating to see interactively the progress made by China from 1800 to the present day. All I am suggesting is to present similar comparisons by country for other key indicators such as the percentage of girls completing primary school etc.

    Thanks
    Ranjit
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  • Hi Ranjit,


    Oh now I get it! I’m sorry for the confusion from my part! You said you wanted the answers, and I all the time understood that you were asking for the results! Sorry, my bad.

    You’re right, it would be good to add that in our website! Some of the data you’re asking for we have on the Gapminder Tools. By clicking the labels on the axes you can change what indicator is shown.


    Question 1:
    Here is, for example, girls primary school completion (Question 1) vs GDP per cap:
    https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2015;&marker$axis_y$which=primary_school_comp...

    Question 2:
    Where the majority of the world population lives. I would say, look on Gapminder Bubbles in which level most people live, i.e. the biggest "bubble surface" (=2 and 3). There you can see also in which level each country is.

    Question 3:
    You can see our income mountain, that shows the amount of people in each income level, along with the poverty line. You can see tons of people move away from extreme poverty the decades went by. And you can also select by country: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$chart-type=mountain

    Question 4
    You can see the life expectancy of each country vs. GPD per capita as default in the Bubbles: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$chart-type=bubbles

    Question 5: 
    In our Ages tool, you can see population by age in blocks of 15 years until 2100 per country, e.g. https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2100&step:15;&entities$show$geo$/$in@=dza...

    Question 6: 
    The main reason why the world pop will grow to 11 billion people by the end of the century is because there will be more adults. You can see that both in the tool Ages (https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2018;;&chart-type=popbyage) and in this video: https://www.gapminder.org/answers/what-makes-the-world-population-continue-to-grow/
    You can also see the age pyramid for each country

    Question 7:
    Deaths due to natural disaster. We have, for example, data on drought deaths, or on earthquake deaths, or flood deaths, etc. You need to type 'death' in the search field, then you will see the options. See for example: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2008;&marker$axis_y$which=earthquake_deaths_a...

    Question 8:
    Where do the 7 billion people live? This map (https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$chart-type=map) helps you to visualize the population of each country.

    Question 9:
    How many children are vaccinated. This one is more difficult to show per country, because in our tools we have the indicators separated by types of vaccines. We used to use measles as proxy for vaccines, so you can see that here: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2011;&marker$axis_y$data=data_wdi&which=s...

    Question 10:
    How many years have women spent in school? You can see the gender ration of means years in school vs. GDP per capita here: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2015;&marker$axis_y$which=mean_years_in_schoo...

    Question 11:
    Tigers, Giant Pandas and Black Rhinos. We don’t have that in our tools yet. Let’s see what disagreed data is available to see if it’s possible to add it somehow in our website.

    Question 12:
    Access to electricity. You can see electricity use per person vs. GDP per capita here: https://www.gapminder.org/tools/#$state$time$value=2011;&marker$axis_y$which=electricity_use_per...

    Question 13:
    Average temperature of the Earth will get warmer. We don’t have data in our tools yet. Might be difficult to find desegregated data for this, but we could try :)


    You’re right, a page in our website with these tools embed would be interesting. We are working on one page for each of the questions, and now we can see how to add this also.


    Thanks for your suggestion and for insisting in making me understand it :p


    Kind regards,
    Fernanda
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  • Many thanks Fernanda for providing the links to the bubble charts for the stats relating to the Quiz questions. Looks like these details are already on your website. I just didn't know how to find them!!

    Just a minor query. I looked at the chart for the percentage of girls completing primary school (Q2). Some of the percentages are over 100% which is not possible. Could you please look into this.

    Regards
    Ranjit
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  • Hi Ranjit,

    Thanks for pointing it out. We'll take a look into it!
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  • Hi Ranjit,

    I understand that it looks strange to have percentages over 100% at first. However, the data is correct. This has to do with how this indicator is defined:

    "Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education."

    This definition gives way to percentages over 100%:

    "There are many reasons why the primary completion rate can exceed 100 percent. The numerator may include late entrants and overage children who have repeated one or more grades of primary education as well as children who entered school early, while the denominator is the number of children at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education."

    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/... (click on the "(i) Details" button)

    For example, let's say that in country X children normally enter last grade of primary school at 10 years old. In 2017, in that country there are 100 children that are 10 years old. This is our denominator.
    Now let's say 90 of those 100 children actually reach last grade of primary school in 2017, but there also 10 9-year olds and 10 11-year olds who enter the last grade. So 110 children enter the last grade of primary. That's our numerator.
    So the primary completion rate of this country for 2017 is 110/100 = 1.10 (110%).

    Hope this clears it up.

    Best regards,
    Jasper / Gapminder Foundation
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