Live Poll: World Peace Day: Give Peace a Chance

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World Peace Day is observed annually on 21 September. The United Nations-sanctioned holiday, officially known as the International Day of Peace, is dedicated to promoting world peace. (Poll idea inspired by rubyfruit76)

Which modern peace activist do you admire the most for their leadership in the use of nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change?

See the partial list of peace activist who espouse nonviolence to achieve political and social change here: https://www.imdb.com/list/ls049914598/

Poll: https://www.imdb.com/poll/V8ihsxOlDxo/
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urbanemovies

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Posted 4 months ago

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Gitte Løyche

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All icons but I choose Nelson Mandela
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Jeorj Euler

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Does the United Nations organization conflate nonviolence with peace? I would not do so.
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urbanemovies

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I get your point, but what is the alternative to quietly sit by and doing nothing. By allowing those in power under the status quo to promote violent harm and social injustice. "Nonviolent resistance (NVR or nonviolent action) is the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, while being nonviolent. This type of action highlights the desires of an individual or group that feels that something needs to change to improve the current condition of the resisting person or group." Given all the options, this seems the most peaceful of all and far better than doing nothing to solve the world's problems.

I would guess that the purpose of the day to have a discussion about peace and steps that can be taken to move us closer to that ideal.. Here is the website if you want to know more, International Day of Peace. The 2019 Peace Day #peaceday theme draws attention to the importance of combating climate change as a way to protect and promote peace throughout the world.#ClimateAction Learn more HERE

In order to face to to the theme, I am making that association, as does Google and Wikipedia when searching for famous peace activists. Likewise, the New York Post made the association as i did:,To honor the International Day of Peace, a list of the most famous peace activists.
(Edited)
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Jeorj Euler

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LOL
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Ed Jones (XLIX)

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Give Chance a Piece I always say!
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urbanemovies

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cute
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urbanemovies

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INTERNATIONAL PEACE MONTH.
August is International Peace Month and a time to reflect on the First World War.
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leavey-2

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All of them are monuments, but I choose Mahatma Gandhi.
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Stephen Atwood

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The list is kind of too male centric (especially given the examples ... ((cough cough)) womanizers....

FYC:
Toni Morrison, RIP.
Yoko Ono

Nobel Peace Prize winning women.
Malala Yousafzai
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm5324796/?ref_=tt_rv_t0
Bertha von Suttner (1843–1914),
first woman to ever have won the Nobel Peace Prize.
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0903080/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1

Leymah Gbowee. I just added the related image file to the Daily Show episode in which she was interviewed (if this is an image list related poll suggestion). Give it a day for approval and posting (no doubt it will be).

Jane Addams (there isn't an image of her IMDb... though I'm scrounging around to see if the 1914 animated short documentary with her featured ... ((WTH?!)) is online).
https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4236798/reference




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urbanemovies

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I added Jane Addams,  Leymah Gbowee, Baroness Bertha von Suttner, and Malala Yousafzai,
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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Hi Urb,

I'm sorry that I didn't notice that you changed the intro for August. I had it noted for September. Let me know if you have a preference. 
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Peter, Champion

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Mandela didn't exclusively advocate nonviolence.

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/pea...
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urbanemovies

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Thanks, I was aware of The dark side of Nelson Mandela and his Umkhonto we Sizwe connection. That portion of his early life was covered fairly in Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom (2013), I would think a fair amount of pacifist have first hand experience with the horrors of war and blood on their hands. Like others, I think it is fair to credit him for his actions and opinions he held most of life.
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Jeorj Euler

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None of these people were saints.
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Dan Dassow, Champion

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Urb,

I'm getting the message that your list is not public.
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urbanemovies

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rubyfruit76, Champion

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You're not suggesting this anymore? I liked this one. 
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urbanemovies

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You are welcome to adopt this orphaned suggestion, if you like.
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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Urb, the list is no longer public. Do you still have it? It'd be great for this Friday. If you don't want to do it, I can copy it and credit you. 
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urbanemovies

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I deleted it, but I felt inspired to re-create it as an image poll suggestion and expand it based on the feedback to include more world famous individuals. As well as, better explain how NVR is a type of a peace or pacifistic solution to the world's problems. https://www.imdb.com/list/ls095710473/

World Peace Day, Give Peace a Chance

World Peace Day is observed annually on 21 September. The United Nations-sanctioned holiday, officially known as the International Day of Peace, is dedicated to promoting world peace. One proven and effective alternative to war, revolution or armed conflict is nonviolent action. According to Wikipedia, "Nonviolent resistance is the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, while being nonviolent." (Poll idea inspired by rubyfruit76.)

Which modern peace activist do you admire the most for their leadership in the use of nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change?


Mohandas K. Gandhi
Indian anti-colonial and India independence activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Gandhi (1982)

Emmeline Pankhurst
British suffrage activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Suffragette (2015)

Martin Luther King
American civil rights activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Selma (2014), King (1978), Boycott (2001)

Susan B. Anthony
American suffrage activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony (1999)

Nelson Mandela
South African anti-apartheid activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom (2013), Invictus (2009)

Vera Brittain
British pacifism activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Testament of Youth (2014)

The Dalai Lama
Tibetan world peace activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Kundun (1997), Road to Peace; Ancient Wisdom of the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet (2012)

Malala Yousafzai
Pakistani female education activist
Biopic and Documentary Movies: He Named Me Malala (2015)

John Newton
British abolition activist, "Amazing Grace" hymn composer
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Amazing Grace (2006), But Now I See, Bill Moyers: Amazing Grace (1990)
(Edited)
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urbanemovies

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Added

Mother Teresa
Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary founder, Missionaries of Charity (with over 4,500 nuns and active in 133 countries)
Biopic and Documentary Movies: The Letters (2014), Madre Teresa (2003), Mother Teresa: In the Name of God's Poor (1997)

Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese politician leader, National League for Democracy
Biopic and Documentary Movies: The Lady (2011), They Call It Myanmar: Lifting the Curtain (2012)

Sophie Scholl
German anti-Nazi political activist White Rose non-violent resistance group member
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Sophie Scholl - Die letzten Tage (2005), Die Widerständigen. Zeugen der Weißen Rose (2008)
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urbanemovies

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Added

Leo Tolstoy
Russian writer author, War and Peace (1869)
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Lev Tolstoy (1984), Lev Tolstoy (1984), Leo Tolstoy: Genius Alive

Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani politician leader, Pakistan Peoples Party
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Bhutto (2010), upcoming Benazir Bhutto biopic

Al Gore
American politician writer/star, An Inconvenient Truth (2006)
Biopic and Documentary Movies: An Inconvenient Truth (2006), An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power (2017)

Andrew Carnegie
Scottish-American industrialist large-scale philanthropist with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace, education, and scientific research
Biopic and Documentary Movies: The Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie (1997), Andrew Carnegie: Rags to Riches, Power to Peace (2015)

* Carnegie's 1889 article, "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and stimulated a wave of philanthropy. He personally gave away 90% of his wealth, donations totaling $65 billion in 2019 dollars. Carnegie built the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. It is home to the the principal judicial body of the United Nations, the International Court of Justice, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and The Hague Academy of International Law. He founded the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a foreign-policy think tank with centers in Washington D.C., Moscow, Beirut, Beijing, Brussels, and New Delhi. It is dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations.
(Edited)
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urbanemovies

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Added

Cesar Chavez
American labor leader and Latino American civil rights activist co-founder, National Farm Workers Association, later renamed United Farm Workers
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Cesar Chavez (2014), The Fight in the Fields (1997), Cesar's Last Fast (2014)
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urbanemovies

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Added

Jane Addams
American settlement activist and pacifist, co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union and a prominent U.S. social reformer
* Addams was a social worker, sociologist, public administrator, author and noted for her influence on policy and public opinion. She is recognized as the founder of the social work profession in the U.S.A.. Addams was both national chairman for the U.S. Woman's Peace Party and was president of the International Committee of Women for a Permanent Peace. She was one of the leading theoreticians in the domestic and international peace movements and one of the early 20th century's faces of pacifism.

Bertha von Suttner
Austrian-Bohemian pacifist, Czech aristocrat, author of Lay Down Your Arms! and first female Nobel peace prize laureate
Biopic, Documentary and Related Movies: Eine Liebe für den Frieden - Bertha von Suttner und Alfred Nobel (2014), Ned Med Vaabnene (1914), 'Die Waffen nieder!' (1952)

Jimmy Carter
American world-renowned peace negotiator and a former U.S. President
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Jimmy Carter (Part I) (2002), Jimmy Carter: Part 2 (2002)

Peace Pilgrim
American peace activist, non-denominational spiritual teacher and public speaker/writer on peace
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Peace Pilgrim: An American Sage Who Walked Her Talk (2002), Earth Pilgrims (2010)
* Mildred Norman, calling herself "Peace Pilgrim," walked more than 25,000+ miles on a personal pilgrimage for peace from 1953 to 1981. Note: total mileage is far greater, as she stop counting in 1964 when she reached 25,000 miles/40,000 kilometers for peace. Pilgrim had no organizational backing, carried no money, and would not even ask for food or shelter. She vowed to "remain a wanderer until mankind has learned the way of peace..." and died during her final pilgrimage.

Leymah Gbowee
 Liberian peace activist, social worker and "Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace" leader
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Three Short Films About Peace (2014) (Part 1), Pray the Devil Back to Hell (2008)
* Leymah Gbowee co-organized the Christian and Muslim women of Monrovia, Liberia to pray and sing for peace, led nonviolent protests that included a sex strike and the threat of a curse. The women's nonviolent peace movement, "Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace" helped bring an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003 and ushered in free elections in 2005.

Removed
Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani politician leader, Pakistan Peoples Party
(Edited)
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Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist, essayist, poet, and philosopher and author of the essay colloquially know as 'Civil Disobedience' (often cited by pacifists as a major influence) added 21 September 2019

Fridtjof Nansen
Norwegian humanitarian, scientist, explorer, diplomat and originator of the Nansen passport for refugees and other stateless persons
* Fridtjof Nansen, as the League of Nation's High Commissioner for Refugees, tackled the post-Great War famine in Russia. He also negotiated the resettlement of hundreds of thousands of Greek refugees after the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922. As well as, worked to ease the plight of Armenian refugees after the Armenian genocide. added 21 September 2019
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Peter, Champion

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Perhaps you shouldn't include "revolution" alongside war and armed conflict as some "revolutions" are not very violent. The Wikipedia article you refer to also cites such examples.

FYC:

Lech Walesa (Polish democracy activist)
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0907408/m...
(Edited)
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urbanemovies

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added

Lech Walesa
Polish pro-democracy activist and union organizer, leader of Solidarity (NSZZ "Solidarność"
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Walesa. Czlowiek z nadziei (2013), Czlowiek z zelaza (1981), Robotnicy '80 (1982)

Plus, a fair point on the use of the term, "revolution".
(Edited)
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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'Looks good, Urb, and I like the expanded version. I'm glad you brought it back. And I love that you added Malala and Lech Walesa.

FYC:
Jimmy Carter: https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0141699/mediaviewer/rm3510802944
He is the only US President to never use violent action and never kill anyone. Also, after his Presidency, he has been central to world peace and justice for so many people, including women, the homeless, and occupied Palestinians, among many others. He has many times worked as an unpaid diplomacy consultant and advocates diplomatic solutions over military solutions. He also writes books, some that have been very influential, on such subjects.
(Edited)
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urbanemovies

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i like this version too, I would still like to add 10-13 more noteworthy peace activists, especially those with a well-known movie connection. It seems like almost every one needs an image and/or profile though. Currently, under consideration are William Randal Cremer, Bertha von Suttner, Fridtjof Nansen, Jane Addams, Sir Norman AngellBetty Williams and Mairead Corrigan, Rigoberta Menchú, Liu Xiaobo, Carl von Ossietzky and various U.S. Nobel Peace Prize Presidents.. Plus, any others that had might belong because their efforts were world-changing or had the potential to be world-changing. Ideally, I would like to get a good mix of reformers and causes. Suggestions of individual peace activists from 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th century are appreciated.
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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Oh, yeah, that just reminded me that I didn't mention that Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for all of his work post-Presidency.  During his Presidency, he also was most instrumental in the critical peace pact between Israel and Egypt and the Nobel Peace Prizes that those nations' leaders won at the time. Apparently, he's been on the short list for the Nobel more often than any other living person. 

I'll put my thinking cap on for people from the 16th - 19th centuries. Off the top of my head:
FYC:
Frederick Douglass https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0248812/mediaviewer/rm3591675648

Sojourner Truth (couldn't find a photo or title, etc)

Susan B. Anthony 
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm7243203/mediaviewer/rm3400546304
(Oops, you've already got her.)

More contemporary FYC:
Father Daniel Berrigan https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0077381/mediaviewer/rm3443699712

And another several votes for Carter. I can't imagine a peace activist list without him.

Can I throw some chips in for the removal of Carnegie? I'm from Pittsburgh, where he lived, and while his massive amounts of money did a lot of good, he got that money through cruel means: using child labor even when it was widely considered to be immoral, union busting (including through violent means), not having safety standards at his steel mills, severely under-paying and over-working his workers, who were routinely injured, and much more, as if that isn't enough. 

Pittsburgh has a cultural and educational establishments, such as great museums and a public library system second to none, and they all have his name but they don't, of course, carry the names of the hundreds of thousands of people that built his wealth on their backs. 

Ok, I'm off my soapbox, lol. 
(Edited)
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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FYC:
(these all have close ties to movies, including that each had a popular film made about them; the photos below are actually them, though)

Sister Helen Prejean
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0695878/mediaviewer/rm2714278144

Harvey Milk
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0587548/mediaviewer/rm2164503040

Edward R. Murrow
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0615386/mediaviewer/rm505898752

'The popular films they inspired: Dead Man Walking (Prejean), Milk (Milk), Good Night & Good Luck (Murrow), not including documentaries and such about each

___________

I couldn't find a photo of Stephen Biko himself, but Denzel Washington played him in 'Cry Freedom,' the most popular of many films about him:

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0092804/mediaviewer/rm789977600

(Edited)
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FYI:
Sister Helen Prejean On Witnessing Executions: 'I Couldn't Let Them Die Alone'
August 12, 201912:32 PM ET
Heard on Fresh Air
https://www.npr.org/2019/08/12/750470040/sister-helen-prejean-on-witnessing-executions-i-couldn-t-le...
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urbanemovies

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I added

Jimmy Carter
American world-renowned peace negotiator and a former U.S. President
Biopic and Documentary Movies: Jimmy Carter (Part I) (2002), Jimmy Carter: Part 2 (2002)
 
I also had considered Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Father Daniel Berrigan, and Helen Prejean. Only Daniel Berrigan (1921–2016) – prominent American anti-Vietnam war protester, poet, author, anti-nuke and war and Jimmy Carter (born 1924) – American negotiator and former US President, organizer, international conflict resolution were listed on Wikipedia's list of peace activists.

I used this listing or a Nobel peace prize to help validate the poll options. The bar is pretty high requiring a word-changing impact via peaceful pursuits or a significant lifetime contribution to the cause of peace. Plus, any unique pacifists that could not be labeled garden-variety or are uniquely inspirational. I am still considering adding some more, but time ran out on this one and adding each real-person option is pretty time-intensive. Thanks for your help, suggestions and support.

UNDER CONSIDERATION

Frontline, The Gate of Heavenly Peace
Chinese Tank Man, an unidentified, unarmed Chinese man who stood in front of a column of tanks leaving Tiananmen Square on June 5, 1989
Biopic and Documentary Movies: The Tank Man (2006), The Gate of Heavenly Peace (1995)
(Edited)
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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'Great minds think alike, lol: I was thinking of the man in Beijing who stood in front of the tanks but I quickly and unthoughtfully (and rather subconsciously) just dismissed the idea because no one outside of the vaulted leaders in China knows his identity. He, more than almost any I can think of, represents the efforts of peaceful change. 
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urbanemovies

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Tank Man
I decide against including him in the end, since  1) it would be speculative to attribute his motivations or political leanings 2) He did it the morning after the Chinese military suppressed the protest and as the tanks were leaving Tiananmen Square. So, it would be hard to say he did it protect the students. 3) He is famous because his act was caught on camera, others acted similarly but didn't get the fame. "Shao Jiang, who was a student leader, said: 'I witnessed a lot of the people standing up, blocking the tanks.' Tank Man is unique in that he is the only one who was photographed and recorded on video."
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cinephile

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https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/17/world/asia/myanmar-leader-war-crimes.html

Aung San Suu Kyi. I would have removed her name from the list before making this a live poll.


(Edited)
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cinephile

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https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-46552614 Gandhi is a controversial case too. 
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drevni.bradonja .

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Al Gore? Seriously?
AL GORE is in the poll with a question of ''Which modern peace activist do you admire the most for their leadership in the use of nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change?''
Is this list some kind of a joke?
Wasn't Al Gore one of the leading people in organizing a 1999 bombing of Yugoslavia, without the permission of the United Nations World Security Council?
It's a disgrace that Al Gore is in the same poll as many of these actual peacemakers.
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urbanemovies

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i don't recall Commander-in-Chief being part of Al Gore's job description in 1999.  Plus, the Norwegian Nobel Committee felt compelled to award him the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 'for (his) efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change". Essentially, using nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change in the world.
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Jeorj Euler

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The closest the President of the United States can come to firing the Vice President of the United States is declining to name him or her as a running mate, so there should in theory be almost nothing to stop the VP from voicing dissent when the chief executive would be unable to serve anymore terms of office. I'd admit, however, that I'm too cynical believe that any person in modern times would actually do that, yet that is kind of the point.
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drevni.bradonja .

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Al Gore. Bill Clinton. Jamie Shay. Madeleine Albright. James Rubin. Tony Blair. And many more. A thirteen-year-old me (in 1999) shouldn't have known these names. But I knew them, because all they did was spread hate and war and lies, for reasons that were unknown to me back then.
However, I apologize - it wasn't my intention to attack you personally. After all, you've added a person who did receive a Nobel Peace Prize, whether I like it or not. And for that, you don't deserve any blame.
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cinephile

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Anyway, Aung San Suu Kyi is way worse than Al Gore. (According to me)

Soon she could be accused of war crimes.
(Edited)
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rubyfruit76, Champion

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FYC:

Vaclav Havel