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Student confusion over terms: "promotion", "internal job change", "external job change"

In using the EXIT survey results from last year, I believe the respondents may not be clear on a few questions (specifically on a few terms). The terms "promotion", "internal job change", and "external job change" are used.

I believe we could clear this up in the invitation with a few definitions. What are the generally used, usual, definitions of "promotion", "internal job change", and "external job change"?
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  • Hi Mike,

    Thanks for the question. Here are the standard definitions we use:

    1. Promotion: The advancement of an employee within a company regarding
    position or job tasks. Typically is also associated with increased responsibilities,
    autonomy, control and higher rate of pay or financial bonus.

    2. Internal Job Change: This could be a lateral movement or job
    enlargement/contraction (which can be a new source of job
    satisfaction/dissatisfaction by increasing/decreasing the level of responsibility of
    the employee. While this may be considered a horizontal move, it can be viewed
    as a vertical change by virtue of giving the employee additional/less authority,
    autonomy, and control over the way the job is accomplished.

    3. External Job Change: This could include a vertical or horizontal movement in
    pay (and bonuses), responsibilities, control or autonomy outside of an
    employee’s previous organization.
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